I know a bank where the wild thyme blows,
Where oxlips and the nodding violet grows,
Quite over-canopied with luscious woodbine,
With sweet must-roses, and with eglantine.
– William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Spring has continued to be a roller coaster ride, and my garden is behind in flowers and too far ahead with weeds. I am trying to ignore the weeds as I have little “time” to attend to them. My work life still continues to be super busy as I move closer to retirement and freedom. And as I thought about the next Simply The Best Herbs post, I thought I would pick another common herb that has a rich history, and is used today mainly for culinary purposes….. so I chose thyme.
I planted several varieties of thyme last fall because I wanted them to spread in dry areas as a ground cover much like my original lemon thyme. I love the delicate little leaves that pack such a wonderful aroma. They have the appearance of a succulent like in the picture above when you view them up close. I am linking in with Diana@Elephant’s Eye on False Bay for her meme, Dozen for Diana as I profile this wonderful herb.
Thyme is several species of culinary and medicinal herbs of the genus Thymus. The most common of these is Thymus vulgaris which is part of the Mint Family (Lamiaceae or Labiatae). It has many common names: French Thyme, Shepherd’s Thyme, Common Thyme, Mother of Thyme, Garden Thyme, English Thyme.
Thymus comes from the Greek word thymon meaning courage.
Thyme is a perennial woody evergreen shrub native to central and northern Europe. The 4-8 inch woody stems are covered with small gray-green leaves, and the flowers appear in late spring through summer. Every part of the plant has an incredible aroma. I have never seen flowers on my thyme, but I am not surprised given our climate.
The Common Thyme is an cultivated form of the Wild Thyme that is found in countries bordering the Mediterranean. This cultivated thyme is grown in temperate climates.
Thyme is best grown in a hot, sunny well-drained soil. It is a good drought tolerant plant and dislikes too much moisture. Thyme prefers light stony soils, but it will grow in heavy soils although they say it will not be as aromatic. I have not found this to be the case.
Thyme can be propagated by seed, cuttings, or by dividing rooted pieces. The plants can take cold weather which is why they are found growing on mountains and survive my snowy cold winters. Be sure to keep the weeds cleared and give thyme plenty of room to spread.
Some of the first documented uses of thyme dates back to 3000 BC, when it was used as an antiseptic by the Sumerians. Also according to legend, it was collected outside of Bethlehem to make a soft bed for Mary during the birth of Jesus.
The early Egyptians used thyme as one of the ingredients in mummification, and Europeans during the Middle Ages used thyme during funerals to assure passage into the next life.
Greek and Roman soldiers put thyme in their bath as a charm for courage. In medieval times, thyme was used in drinks as a symbol of bravery. During the Middle Ages, European women embroidered a sprig of thyme on tunics for knights or gave them thyme leaves as a token of courage.
Wearing a sprig of thyme in a woman’s hair was reported to make her irresistible. I’ll have to remember that!
Thyme was also worn to ward off evil and negativity. Romans used it to relieve depression. In the Middle Ages, placing a sprig of thyme under your pillow was said to keep away nightmares.
Thyme has been known for its soothing and gentle cleansing properties. In the 16th century thyme was believed to cure sciatica and headaches. Also it was used as a disinfectant. Thyme in posies helped to ward off disease and to mask odors.
Fairies were thought to live in a bed of thyme. Maybe I might catch a glimpse of them once my thyme grows in.
Thyme is one of the most widely-used culinary herbs. Given the right conditions it is easy to grow. I grow it as a decorative and as a functional plant.
The Spanish use it as an ingredient when they preserve olives.
Lemon thyme has a wonderful lemony fragrance that is good with fish. I need to remember this an use some when I cook fish.
All varieties of thyme attract lots of bees. They say honey from thyme flowers is delicious.
Thyme is sold both fresh and dried. Fresh thyme is more flavorful, but can only be stored up to a week once picked. Thyme retains its flavor when dried better than many other herbs.
The best way to remove the leaves is by scraping the stems with the back of a knife, or by pulling the stems through the tines of a fork. I generally pull them by hand, but I am willing to try new methods.
During recent years thyme has been one of the most extensively used antiseptics. Oil of thyme, the essential oil of common thyme (Thymus vulgaris), contains thymol which is an antiseptic, and is found in various products like mouthwashes. Before modern antibiotics, oil of thyme was used as a medicine on bandages. Thymol can also be found as an active ingredient in some all-natural, alcohol-free hand sanitizers.
Thyme yields fragrant oils and is used by perfumers for scenting soaps and sachets.
Thyme is a great companion for lavender. They both like the same growing conditions. So I should consider planting more thyme in the front gardens where most of the lavender grows.
While bees love the flowers, other insects are repelled by thyme. To make a natural insect repellent, make a tea from the thyme, put it in a mister, and spray around your doorways and windows. You can also burn the leaves to repel insects. I will have to try both of these. I’ll let you now how they work.
Thyme is also great to use in dried flower arrangements, bouquets, and potpourri.
Language of Flowers
Thyme is considered an herb of purification and protection. It symbolizes Activity, Courage, Strength, Happiness, Energy and Affection.
Daisies smell-less, yet most quaint, / And sweet thyme true, / Primrose, first born child of Ver, / Merry Spring-time’s harbinger. ~Francis Beaumont
Check out other posts in the series, Simply the Best-Herbs:
Seasonal Celebrations is a time for marking the change of seasons and what is happening in your part of the world during this time. I hope you will join in by creating a post telling us how you celebrate this time of year whether summer or winter or something else. Share your traditions, holidays, gardens and celebrations in pictures, poetry or words starting June 1st.
And it seems so appropriate to collaborate with Beth and her Lessons Learned meme. What lessons have you learned this past season of spring here in the North and fall in the South. Then tell us about your wishes, desires and dreams for this new season.The rules are simple. Just create a post that talks about lessons learned and/or seasonal celebrations. If you are joining in for both memes please leave a comment on both our blog posts. Or if you are choosing to join only one meme, leave a comment on that blog post. Make sure to include a link with your comment.
Beth and I will do a summary post of our respective memes on the solstice (the 21st of June). And we will keep those posts linked on a page on our blog. Your post should be linked in the weekend before the equinox to give us enough time to include your post in our summary. And if you link in a bit late, never fear we will include it on the special blog page (which I still have to create). The badges here can be used in your post. So won’t you join in the celebration!!
Next up on the blog: June 1st means it is time for Seasonal Celebrations. I hope you will join in. Next Monday is another Gardens Eye Journal as I recap this crazy May and spring.
I am linking in with Michelle@Rambling Woods for her Nature Notes meme. It is a great way to see what is happening in nature around the world every Wednesday.
I hope you will join me for my posts once a month at Beautiful Wildlife Garden. See my most current post now. Next one is up on May 28th.
As always, I’ll be joining Tootsie Time’sFertilizer Friday.
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